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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 11, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key, strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of
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industries. what can we do for you?♪ >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." >> reporting from washington, i am katty kay. syrian forces are trying to retake a christian city. our bbc reporter is there. united nations powers try to putting syrian chemical weapons under international control. and why just did the woolly its demise?
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scientists have an answer, and we will let you in on the new research. public to our viewers on television in america and elsewhere around the globe. members of the united nations security council have been meeting tonight to discuss the russian plans to dealing with the syrian crisis, including putting their chemical weapons under international control, but while the world and liberates, the fighting in serious has intensified, with government groups battling hard to try to regain a city. our bbc reporter is there and starts our coverage. pilgrims used to take this road in, and now, it isn't empty, lonely drive. the road has been fought over several times since this area
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was seized last week. the civilians, half christians, have muslims. late afternoon. since the morning, the syrian army has been assaulting the town in the square. showed theunfire rebels were still fighting back. [gunfire] told me his men were pushing up towards the rebels. militias thatl sees this area were jihadist that are allied with al qaeda. most trying to push them out are volunteers who have joined a volunteer force for national defense. >> they are a terrorist group.
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syria, andstroying all of the syrian people are against them. they are destroying mosques. >> this has some of the oldest christian churches in the middle east. the people in the mask is still speak aramaic, the language which they believe was spoken by christ. most christians and others regime, which is better than rebel fighters and jihadists. a sniper at the top of the hill there. lot of the soldiers, a lot of them are local men. they say they are fighting for the town and web-based did for,
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and they are bechard outside -- bashar al-assad loyalists. the rebel advance here horrified to them. the syrian army is well supplied with arms and ammunition by russia and iran. including more volunteers from christian areas in damascus, ready to go into action. say western countries opposed to the assad regime were backing the wrong side and should help them to fight jihadist rebels. he said to tell the eu and the americans that we try to take you from the darkness 2000 years ago, and you sent us terrorists to kill us. wounded men were rushed back from the front lines.
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of the war reality in syria. the outside world is arguing about chemical weapons, but conventional weapons have killed more than 100,000 people on all sides of this war and kill more every day. after we left, syrian army jets were circling targets. armedters of pro-western rebels thought a few days ago that the americans might tilt the war their way by attacking the armed forces of the regime. fact that the worlds most powerful military might not now come after them is very good news for the syrian army and its supporters. jeremy bolan, bbc news. a reminder of just how complicated the war is and how fluid it is, outside syria, russia has now given the u.s. its ideas about placing the syrian chemical weapons under
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international control, and the draft of a french measure. military strike against the regime being avoided. our editor has the latest. a day ofas been reflection and a week of frantic about turns. he bows his head to all of the attacks.f teh 9/11 this is the 12th anniversary of hardenedlt that american hearts against enemies, but there still could be military action. in an awkward speech, he said there is a preference for these and the russian plan. say ifs too early to this will succeed, but we must verify that the assad regime keeps its commitments, but this has the potential to remove the threat of chemical weapons without the use of force.
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>> 125 people died here in the attack 12 years ago. he says after a decade of war, any talk of military action is not popular, and even his own family has doubts. revolution -- resolution would give serious 15 days to make an exhaustive, complete, and definitive declaration of all chemical weapons. then, they would have to give immediate, unconditional, and unrestricted access with the essential aim of destroying them. if not, further measures could be taken, which could include the use of force. president's path away from conflict is fraught. as he took part in the solemn ceremony, the u.n. released reports on torture and massacre in syria. the administration says there has been real progress. seem to be willing to
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take this course, certainly a that syriaelopment has, suddenly, three days after assad has denied chemical weapons, that they say they possess chemical weapons. like secretary of state john kerry meets the russian foreign minister in geneva to look at the plan alongside technical experts. talks could go for a couple of days or more. the white house is very keen not to set any deadlines and not to have a sense of urgency. the freeway. >> i think that any initiative that would prevent this military action is worth exploring, but very briefly, and i, frankly, am extremely skeptical. ["taps" plays] >> bbc news, washington. negotiationse
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taking place on the diplomatic front. i spoke a short time ago with formerly the u.s. undersecretary of state. do you think diplomacy can work in getting chemical weapons out a syria? >> i think there is chance it could work, but it is going to be very, very difficult, indeed. president obama is right to walk down this road of diplomacy with president putin. the united states was isolated both in the congress and internationally in the use of air power, but the devil is going to be in the details here, as the united states, france, and britain are going to want a short time for serious to identify the chemical weapons. they are going to want a respected institution to take in troll and not the russian wantnment, and they repercussions if syria reneges on the deal, and then france and the u.s. would be able to take limited action to enforce that, and that is where i think the
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russians will not agree. >> yes, some say you have to take the threat of military force off of the table, and the americans say you cannot take the threat of military force off the table. >> president clinton says he give in the chapter seven security council resolution the france and united states authority. perhaps have to be without that enforcement mechanism, but i would think that perhaps the u.s. and france would retain the right no matter what happens to use force should syria not do what it says it is going to do, and i think it is going to be a good chance that without this, syria is not going to enforce this, so i think president obama and secretary kerry are right. >> what they were alluding to about the disappointment of the rebels, how concerned are you that this delay in the strike, the cancellation of the military
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strike, might push some syrian rebels that have been pro-west into a more extremist position, into the arms of al qaeda? >> we would hope that would not happen. i would doubt that some of the major secular, more moderate groups would actually go to another jihadist group, because it is fundamentally not in their interest to do that. have not seen the end of this story. it may be if diplomacy does not succeed, president obama might be right back at airstrikes in two or three weeks. it might be that if this resolution is a soft or very weak one, france and the united states will reserve their rights. and they be patient, understand what is happening, and it is only a matter of weeks before this is decided. >> make a list joining us there. syria again dominating our news. more going on in the rest of the world. a car bomb explosion near a shiite mosque in the iraqi
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a killing wounding 50 others. was another mosque in northern baghdad after evening prayer. havesters in turkey flashed with police over the death of a demonstrator. activists say he died after being hit by a tear gas heister, but officials say is another person to be killed in recent weeks. imagine moving 100 million people from one area of your country to another. that is exactly what the chinese government is attempting to do as it shifts its population from the countryside into the cities. there was a gathering of over there--over a large number. the objectives are clear. there are social challenges. we have the story.
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never in human history has one nation changed so rapidly. the government here calls this the china dream. giant cities rising from nothing. this massive building spree is what kept china's economy growing fast. now, it is to move 100 million people into the cities over the next 10 years, and in the rush for riches, many are losing out. her dream was a boarding school. her husband built its a decade ago. it had over 1000 students studying english or paying to be educated here. today, there is not a single child. the classrooms gather dust. this is why. , developers are building a shopping mall, and they want a
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school, two. this was our canteen, and this was the dormitory. it was all torn down in the middle of the night. >> no one has offered the family proper compensation. when they tried to stop the bulldozers, the tanks moved in. trying to intimidate them to sign over the land. beenamily says they have beaten up dozens of times. the police do nothing. it is a vicious circle. china isrowing, urbanizing, and land is being grabbed. ordinary chinese are being left feeling abandoned, vulnerable.
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our parents are old. they are in their 70's and 80's. they worry about us every day because of what is happening. i am sorry. i cannot talk about this. >> china's leaders are aware that this can fuel discontent. they say the nation needs to reform. it needs to build more cities but improve people's lives and incomes also. need to spread the fruits of development to everyone. we can keep our economy expanding at our key rate. industrialization and urbanization are far from complete. there is still much more room to grow. >> but they are not sharing the fruits. her family faces ruin, while others bully their way to wealth. powerful, and
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grabbing the opportunity, as china's cities keep rising. bbc news in eastern china. >> the dark side and the victims of china's urbanization plan. you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on the program, waging financial warfare on america's enemies. the center at the fight of economic talks. now, when you think of iconic london sites, the black cap is likely to be one of them, and now, they have a new owner, a chinese carmaker. they have ambitious plans. >> back from the brink and ready to roll. one year ago, a steering box them over the financial edge. this assembly line is now set to make 700 of london's famous
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by the end of the year. have been1940s, they a mainstay of the central london transport system, but things began to change seven years ago when geely, which now owns volvo, bought a percentage of the london taxi company. it found a ready market for an asian version. now, it is dealing with the entire company. they are building new models. production,nto competitors have been developing you'll saving alternatives to the iconic model. the company is convinced it can beat the competition. the old one had its problems because it was a small manufacturer. now, a major chinese manufacturer.
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gives us the ability to address the problems we have had in the past, and we can address every one of them. it is better than it has ever been. >> many doubted there could be liked at the end of the tunnel for an independent london taxi company. new models,se of new jobs, and even talk of a new factory on a larger site. bbc news. after the september 11 attacks, the u.s. is still engaged in a global fight against terrorism. using drones and intelligence networks to fight that battle, but then there is a team of economists were keen to ankara to the enemies. working with the treasury and the white house during the bush administration, his job was to figure out ways to stop money
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adding to terrorists. he writes about the attack in a new book and joined me a short time ago. suspect that on this anniversary of september 11, most people are not thinking when they think of the war on terror about the treasury department, but you are suggesting that as important in the american fight against terrorism is intelligence. >> i think that is right. one of the great innovations was the use of financial power much more aggressively, not just by the united states but but by the u.k. and the rest of the world. you have to look at diplomatic strategy and foreign policy, and what are the tools you have to bring it to bear? between job owning and dropping missiles and bombs, what we have to bring to bear, and in many cases, it is financial power, sanctions, financial persuasion that can be brought to bear with
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items in the financial system, and that is very important. >> give me an example, specifically. >> it worked very well in the early days after september 11 against al qaeda. they saw their sources of funding, there'd the pockets, charitable organizations, naked counts they were using, networks, those were constricted. funders were deterred. and, in fact, al qaeda said so. they were desperate to get money, asking recruits to bring money with them, asking to bring $10,000 per person. you saw this in the documents of , where they were contemplating a shift in how al qaeda raised money, to get into the kidnapping business because it is worth millions of dollars. so we were able to say to the world, we are going to isolate al qaeda and its funders, and banks and financial institutions around the world need to be part of that solution, and that is
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what drove it to get that is what was used to go after north korean financing, iranian financing, and it is why when you talk about the leadership, they know this is not a joke. the former iranian president called this a hidden war. looked at september 11 and the attacks of that day, and they did not cost that much money, so why is it financing? if you can't do terrorism on the cheap, why is financing particularly important? >> that is a great question. wondering how much that bomb costs or that suicide bomber to recap it. to create havoc. those terrorist groups that have global reach that are potentially involved in mass destruction programs, as al qaeda was, what you try to do is construct -- constricted their global reach greeted you want them to make choices with their money.
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there was the egyptian account, the money man for al qaeda, he had to worry about these issues, had to worry about paying the families of suicide bombers, or paying for nuclear programs, so the idea is can you constrict their ability to raise and move money around the world such that it is hard for them to make strategic decisions, and the same thing with north korea and iran. you affect their budget and bottom line and strategy. veryr your book, thank you much for coming in. >> thank you. >> a segue from terrorism to willie mammoth, here we go. if you ever thought humans were to blame for hunting the willie mammoth to extinction, there is good news. or one, we may be off the book. we have the details. >> there is plenty of evidence that humans hunted woolly mammoth.
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many believe this is what led to the extinction of these gigantic creatures around 4000 years ago. but scientists studying their remains are seeing a different insurer. tasks, ang into their have extracted dna, -- by drilling into their tusks. from each animal is very different, there was lots of them. if there were signs of inbreeding, there were few. them have been discovered all a cross the world, and dna from their bones and teeth and even their hair shows their demise was mostly due to a change in climate. began 20,000 years ago, when the ice age was at its height. >> it was too cold, even for a mammoth, because that extreme cold would have suppressed the plant growth that the mammoths depended on. that was a first hit in a long
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process that led finally to their extinction. >> but then, it became too warm for them. mammoths are gigantic. the willie mammoth is about the size of a modern-day elephant. amounts oft huge grass, about 200 kilos per day. thousands of years ago, there was lots of grass or these creatures to eat, shown here in green, but just as the ice age ended, the grass disappeared, and so did the mammoths. these great beasts were forced north as their grassland was replaced by forests. message is that mammoths do not like the warm, but when it gets warm, they get going. they go north. some went extinct. >> what is left of these once magnificent creatures, their frozen remains. bbc news. ok, let's face it, they are
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just really cute. that brings us to an end of our program. you can watch us on our 24-hour news networks. thank you very much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news -- at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic
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decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: all eyes are on the u.s. and russia to craft a plan to seize control of syria's chemical weapons and avoid military action. >> ifill: we get two takes on the president's push for diplomatic and military action. from former national security advisor zbigniew brzezinski and senator john mccain. >> the question is whether the russians are really sincere in this effort. >> woodruff: new york city mayor michael bloomberg is not on the ballot, but hari sreenivassan reports his legacy has dominated the race to replace him. >> new york city is thriving. its economy is growing. crime is at historic lows. and the city's 8 million residents are healthier and

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